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Đọc đoạn vnạp năng lượng sau và vấn đáp các câu hỏi:It is very difficult khổng lồ succeed in the music business; nine out of tenbands that release a first record fail to lớn produce a second.

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Survivingin the music industry requires luck and patience, but most of all itrequires an intricate knowledge of how a record companyfunctions. The process begins when a representative of a company"sArtists và Repertoire (A & R) department visits bars và nightclubs, scouting for young, talented bands. After the representativeidentifies a promising b&, he or she will work to negotiate acontract with that b&. The signing of this recording...


Nguyễn Thị Phương thơm Thảo Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 15 (Đọc phát âm -TOEFL- Bài 15)Đọc đoạn văn uống sau cùng vấn đáp các câu hỏi:It is very difficult khổng lồ succeed in the music business; nine out of tenbands that release a first record fail to produce a second. Survivingin the music industry requires luông xã and patience, but most of all itrequires an intricate knowledge of how a record companyfunctions. The process begins when a representative of a company"sArtists và Repertoire (A và R) department visits bars & nightclubs, scouting for young, talented bands. After the representativeidentifies a promising b&, he or she will work to lớn negotiate acontract with that band. The signing of this recording contract is aslow process. A company will spend a long time investigating theb& itself as well as current trends in popular music. During thisperiod, it is important that a band reciprocate with an investigationof its own, learning as much as possible about the record companyvà making personal connections within the different departmentsthat will handle their recordings.Once a band has signed the contract & has finished recording analbum, the Publicity và Promotions department takes over. Thisdepartment decides whether or not to lớn mass produce and market theband"s album. Most bands fail lớn make personal contacts in thissecond department, thus losing their voice in the important finalprocess of producing and marketing their album. This loss of voiceoften contributes khổng lồ the band"s failure as a recording group. 1. Which of the following statements best expresses the mainidea of the passage?(A) Nine out of ten bands fail to lớn produce a second record.(B) It is important for a b& khổng lồ have an intricate knowledge of howa recording company works.(C) Making personal connections will help the band in the finaldecisions about the promotion of their album.(D) The main factors in a band"s success are luông chồng and patience. 2. As used in line 2, what is the meaning of the word "release"?(A) distribute(B) pay for(C) overturn(D) itemize 3. The phrase "an intricate" in line 4 could be best replaced bywhich of the following?(A) a fleeting(B) a straightforward(C) an extraneous(D) a detailed 4. According to lớn the passage, the initial contact between a bandand a recording company is made by(A) the band"s manager(B) a b& member(C) an AR representative(D) the Publiđô thị & Promotions department 5. The word "reciprocate" as used in line 12 could be bestreplaced by which of the following?(A) commence(B) respond(C) practice(D) confirm 6. The word "investigation" in line 12 is closest in meaning towhich of the following?(A) production(B) betrothal(C) credential(D) examination 7. Which of the following words is most similar to lớn the word"handle" as used in line 15?(A) touch(B) control(C) manipulate(D) protect 8. As used in line 17, what is the meaning of "takes over"?(A) takes charge(B) takes pleasure(C) takes advice(D) takes blame 9. The author mentions that a band"s success is dependent on allof the following factors EXCEPT(A) having patience(B) making personal contacts with people in the company(C) understanding how a record company functions(D) playing music that sounds lượt thích music of famous bands 10. According lớn the passage, the Publiđô thị và Promotionsdepartment(A) has the final decision in producing an album(B) handles the recording arrangements for the band(C) sends representatives lớn look for new talent(D) visits bars & night clubs 11. The author uses the phrase "losing their voice" in lines trăng tròn toillustrate that they(A) are forbidden to speak(B) are unable khổng lồ visit(C) have no representation(D) are too shy to express their desires 12. It can be inferred from the passage that(A) the music industry is full of opportunities for young bands(B) the AR department has a very large staff(C) most bands vì chưng not fully understand how record companiesoperate(D) the cost of recording an album is very expensive Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 16 (Đọc đọc -TOEFL- Bài 16)Đọc đoạn vnạp năng lượng sau với vấn đáp các câu hỏi:About 200 million years ago, as the Triassic Period came lớn a cthảm bại,many species of animals disappeared from the face of the Earth.Scientists previously believed that the series of extinctionshappened over a period of 15 to đôi mươi million years. Recentdiscoveries in Nova Scotia suggest, however, that the extinctionsmay have sầu happened over a much shorter period of time, perhapsless than 850,000 years.Evidence for a rapid extinction of species at the kết thúc of the TriassicPeriod is found in the McCoy Brook Formation along the Bay ofFundy in Nova Scotia. Fossils found in this formation indicate arapid disappearance of species rather than a slow and gradualchange over time. One explanation for a relatively suddenextinction at the end of the Triassic may be that a large meteoritestruchồng the earth at the time và is responsible for a 70- kilometerhole nearby. If geologists & other researchers can find evidence,such as shocked quartz in the roông xã formations, that a meteorite didstrike the earth, it would give sầu more credence to the theory of rapidTriassic extinctions. It is possible, however, that even if a rapidextinction happened in and around Nova Scotia, it did notnecessarily occur in the rest of the world. 1. What is the main topic of this passage?(A) the disappearance of animal species at the over of the TriassicPeriod(B) evidence of a relatively sudden extinction of species(C) the possibility of an extinction happening simultaneouslythroughout the world(D) a meteorite hole in the Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia 2. Which of the following could best replace the word "close" asused in line 1?(A) connection(B) dispersion(C) separation(D) end 3. The author uses the phrase "the face of the Earth" in line 2 inorder to(A) emphakích cỡ the disappearance(B) focus on one part of the Earth(C) focus on one period of time(D) point out the reference khổng lồ lvà, not water 4. All of the following were mentioned in the passage EXCEPT(A) the extinction of late Triassic animals(B) the duration of time for the extinction(C) a large meteorite hitting the Earth 10 million years ago(D) the use of types of rock in scientific retìm kiếm 5. Which of the following is closest in meaning to lớn the word"relatively" in line 11?(A) comparatively(B) independently(C) phenomenally(D) visibly 6. Where in the passage does the author give evidence for theargument?(A) Lines 1-4(B) Lines 8-12(C) Lines 12-17(D) Lines 17-20 7. According khổng lồ the passage, what would give sầu evidence that ameteorite struchồng the earth?(A) a gradual change in species over time(B) a change in the quartz(C) gold deposits in the veins of rocks(D) a change in the waters of the Bay of Fundy 8. Which of the following could best replace the word "struck"as used in line 12?(A) affected(B) discovered(C) devastated(D) hit 9. Which of the following is most probably the meaning of"shocked quartz" in line 15?(A) narrow chasms(B) tiny lines(C) hardened ores(D) cracked minerals 10. In line 16, "it" refers to(A) evidence(B) an extinction(C) the Earth(D) a meteorite 11. Which of the following could best replace the word"credence" in line 16?(A) demonstration(B) elevation(C) suitability(D) credibility 12. Which of the following best describes the author"s tone?(A) aggressive(B) explanatory(C) apologetic(D) cynical Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 17 (Đọc hiểu -TOEFL- Bài 17)Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:Alzheimer"s disease impairs a person"s ability to ređiện thoại tư vấn memories,both distant & as recent as a few hours before. Although there isnot yet a cure for the illness, there may be hope for a cure with aprotein called nerve sầu growth factor. The protein is produced bynerve sầu cells in the same region of the brain where Alzheimer"soccurs. Based on this relationship, scientists from the University ofLund in Sweden and the University of California at San Diegodesigned an experiment to thử nghiệm whether doses of nerve growth factorcould reverse the effects of memory loss caused by Alzheimer"s.Using a group of rats with impaired memory, the scientists gavehalf of the rats doses of nerve growth factor while giving the otherhalf a blood protein as a placebo, thus creating a control group. Atthe kết thúc of the four-week test, the rats given the nerve sầu growth factorperformed equally lớn rats with normal memory abilities. While theexperiments bởi vì not show that nerve sầu growth factor can stop thegeneral process of deterioration caused by Alzheimer"s, they doshow potential as a means to slowing the process significantly. 1. With what topic is this passage mainlyconcerned?(A) impaired memory of patients(B) cures for Alzheimer"s disease(C) the use of rats as experimental subjects(D) nerve growth factor as a cure for Alzheimer"s 2. The word "impairs" in line 1 is most similar to which of thefollowing?(A) affects(B) destroys(C) enhances(D) diminishes 3. According lớn the passage, where is nerve growth factorproduced in the body?(A) in nerve cells in the spinal column(B) in red blood cells in the circulatory system(C) in nerve sầu cells in the brain(D) in the pituitary gl& 4. Which of the following is closest in meaning khổng lồ the word"region" as used in line 5?(A) vicinity(B) plain(C) expanse(D) orbit 5. Which of the following is closest in meaning khổng lồ the word"doses" in line 8?(A) measures(B) pieces(C) injections(D) stipends 6. Which of the following could best replace the word "reverse"as used in line 9?(A) foster(B) prompt(C) override(D) match 7. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?(A) Alzheimer"s disease is deadly.(B) Though unsuccessful, the experiments did show some benefitsderived from nerve sầu growth factor.(C) The experiments did not show any significant benefits fromnerve sầu growth factor.(D) More work needs to be done to understvà the effects of nervegrowth factor. 8. The passage most closely resembles which of the followingpatterns of organization?(A) chronological order(B) statement and illustration(C) causeeffect(D) alphabetical order 9. Which of the following is closest in meaning lớn the word"deterioration" in line 16?(A) depression(B) deduction(C) decline(D) disconnection 10. Which of the following could best replace the word"potential" in line 17?(A) possibility(B) capability(C) dependability(D) creativity 11. Which of the following could best replace the word"significantly" in line 17?(A) considerably(B) knowingly(C) suggestively(D) tirelessly 12. The relationship between nerve sầu growth factor và a proteinis similar lớn the relationship between Alzheimer"s and(A) forgetfulness(B) a disease(C) a cure(D) a cancer Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 18 (Đọc phát âm -TOEFL- Bài 18)Đọc đoạn văn uống sau cùng trả lời các câu hỏi:Until recently, hunting for treasure from shipwrecks was mostlyfantasy; with recent technological advances, however, the tìm kiếm forsunken treasure has become more popular as a legitimate endeavor.This has caused a debate between those wanting to salvage thewrecks và those wanting to preserve them.Treasure hunters are spurred on by the thought of finding caches ofgold coins or other valuable objects on a sunken ship. One team ofsalvagers, for instance, searched the wrechồng of the RMS Republic,which sank outside the Boston harbor in 1900. The search buổi tiệc nhỏ,using side-scan sonar, a device that projects sound waves across theocean bottom và produces a profile of the sea floor, located thewreck in just two và a half days. Before the use of this newcông nghệ, such searches could take months or years. The team of45 divers searched the wrechồng for two months, finding silver teaservices, crystal dinnerware, và thousands of bottles of wine, butthey did not find the five sầu và a half tons of American Gold Eaglecoins they were searching for.Preservationists focus on the historic value of a ship. They say thateven if a shipwreck"s treasure does not have sầu a high monetary value,it can be an invaluable source of historic artifacts that are preservedin nearly mint condition. But once a salvage team has scoured asite, much of the archaeological value is lost. Maritimearchaeologists who are preservationists worry that the success ofsalvagers will attract more treasure-hunting expeditions và thusthreaten remaining undiscovered wrecks. Preservationists arelobbying their state lawmakers khổng lồ legally restrict underwatersearches & unregulated salvages. To counter their efforts, treasurehunters argue that without the lure of gold và million-dollartreasures, the wrecks and their historical artifacts would never berecovered at all.1. What is the main idea of this passage?(A) Searching for wrecks is much easier with new technologies likeside-scan sonar.(B) Maritime archaeologists are concerned about the unregulatedsearching of wrecks.(C) The tìm kiếm of the RMS Republic failed khổng lồ produce the hoped-for coins.(D) The popularity of treasure seeking has spurred a debate betweenpreservationists & salvagers.2. The word "sunken" in line 3 is closest in meaning to which of thefollowing words?(A) broken(B) underwater(C) ancient(D) hollow3. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word"legitimate" in line 3?(A) justified(B) innocent(C) prudent(D) fundamental4. Which of the following could best replace the phrase "a profile"as used in line 11?(A) a projection(B) an execution(C) a highlight(D) an outline5. Which of the following statements is best supported by theauthor?(A) The value of a shipwreông chồng depends on the quantity of itsartifacts.(B) Preservationists are fighting the use of technological advancessuch as side-scan sonar.(C) Side-scan sonar has helped khổng lồ legitimize salvaging.(D) The use of sound waves is crucial to locating shipwrecks.6.

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The author uses the word "services" in line 15 to refer to whichof the following?(A) cups(B) sets(C) containers(D) decorations7. The author uses the phrase "mint condition" in line 21 to describe(A) somcething perfect(B) something significant(C) something tolerant(D) something magical8. All of the following were found on the RMS Republic EXCEPT(A) wine bottles(B) silver tea services(C) American Gold Eagle coins(D) crystal dinnerware9. From the passage, you can infer that a preservationist would bemost likely to(A) shun treasure-seeking salvagers(B) be a diver(C) put treasures in a museum(D) vày archaeological research10. The word "scoured" in line 21 is most similar to which of thefollowing?(A) scraped away(B) scratched over(C) scrambled around(D) searched through11. In line 28, what is the closest meaning khổng lồ the word "lure"?(A) knowledge(B) attraction(C) luxury(D) glare12. The second and third paragraphs are an example of(A) chronological order(B) explanation(C) specific to general(D) definition Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 19 (Đọc hiểu -TOEFL- Bài 19)Đọc đoạn vnạp năng lượng sau với vấn đáp những câu hỏi:Are you interested in seeing the beautiful fall foliage of NewEngland but tired of traffic jams & overbooked hotels? Then thisyear forget the crowds in New Englvà & see the beautiful colorsof autumn in the Catskills.These rugged mountains in Thủ đô New York State, just 90 milesnorthwest of Thành Phố New York City, are famous for the legendary tales ofRip Van Winkle, & more recently for the summer hotels thatsprang up in the region during the 1940s, 1950s, và 1960s.Families trying to lớn escape the heat of Thành Phố New York City found theCatskills to be the perfect place lớn stay for a month or so eachsummer. By the late 1950s there were over 500 resorts và hotelsoffering nighttime entertainment as well as all kinds of outdooractivities. Famous comedians like Jackie Gleason, Joan Rivers, andSid Caesar all got their start touring the hotel clubs here. Since theintroduction of air-conditioning & cheaper air travel, however,families have stopped coming lớn the Catskills in such largenumbers, choosing instead more distant locations at different timesof the year. Many of the Catskill hotels closed in the 1970s, butsome remain & have sầu expanded & changed their facilities tomeet the needs of today"s visitors.Currently, there are many activities available to lớn the traveler besideswitnessing the changing colors of the leaves. There is an all-organicsheep farm where visitors can see how a traditional sheep farmoperates. There are also hundreds of miles of scenic drives in thearea. Route 42, for instance, is an excellent site for spotting baldeagles. For more information on vacations in the Catskills, gọi theOffice of Public Information.1. What is the author"s main purpose in this passage?(A) to lớn promote the Catskills as a vacation destination(B) khổng lồ introduce visitors to famous Catskills entertainers(C) khổng lồ describe the history of the Catskills region(D) lớn compare the Catskills to New England2. The word "rugged" in line 5 could be best replaced by which ofthe following?(A) barren(B) rough(C) tall(D) lush3. According lớn the passage, which of the following caused thedecline in the number of resorts in the 1970s?(A) television(B) shorter vacations(C) affordable air travel(D) more traffic4. Which of the following is closest in meaning to lớn the word"legendary" in line 6?(A) foolish(B) perplexing(C) mythical(D) humorous5. The phrase "sprang up" in line 7 most probably refers tosomething that has(A) burst forth(B) spread out(C) operated vigorously(D) joined together6. In what season would a tourist most likely have visited theCatskills in the 1950s?(A) fall(B) winter(C) spring(D) summer7. Which of the following most reflects the author"s tone in thispassage?(A) light và encouraging(B) informative & scientific(C) humorous & sceptical(D) regretful and reminiscent8. What does the passage imply that a visitor might be lucky enoughkhổng lồ do?(A) see fall leaves in color(B) see a kind of bird(C) work on a sheep farm(D) drive on scenic roads9. As used in line 22, the word "witnessing"could best be replacedby(A) attending(B) certifying(C) viewing(D) validating10. As used in line 25, the word "drives" refers to(A) excursions(B) tracks(C) paths(D) canyons11. As used in line 26, which of the following could best replace theword "spotting"?(A) photographing(B) seeing(C) painting(D) shooting12. The author implies that in the Catskills there are few(A) leaves(B) eagles(C) people(D) sheep Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson đôi mươi (Đọc hiểu -TOEFL- Bài 20)Đọc đoạn vnạp năng lượng sau cùng vấn đáp các câu hỏi:It"s hard lớn find artifacts that are genuinely American, but thepresent day banjo may be one of them. Even though its ancestry isAfrican, the modern banjo is nothing lượt thích the early instruments firstbrought by Africans lớn the southern plantations. In the nineteenthcentury the banjo was a standard instrument in minstrel shows,&, as it continued to be used, it was changed in various ways.Machined pegs were added for precise tuning, frets were added forbetter intonation, and vellum heads were added to improve thetension. The number of strings also continued to lớn change. Earlybanjos had four strings, while later models had as many as nine. Inthe late 1800s, the five-string banjo was developed, a Mã Sản Phẩm thathad a small unfretted drone string that was played with the thumb.This was the instrument that country singer Earl Scruggs played,và was the type used khổng lồ produce that great style of music known asAmerican bluegrass.In the 1920s, the four-string tenor banjo made a remarkablecomeback, as banjo bands became popular in schools và clubsfrom coast lớn coast. Again in the 1960s there was a renewed interestin folk và country music that brought the banjo baông chồng inkhổng lồ theforefront of American music. It"s an American instrument thatcontinues lớn live sầu on.1. What does this passage mainly discuss?(A) the lasting effects of bluegrass music(B) the development of an American instrument(C) the life of a banjo(D) changes in music in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries2. The banjo originally came from(A) southern plantations(B) folk and country music(C) minstrel shows(D) Africa3. The word "plantations" in line 4 most probably refers to(A) types of farms in the South(B) southern states(C) southern musical theaters(D) bands comtháng in the South4. Which of the following words is most similar lớn the word "pegs"in line 7?(A) holes(B) bars(C) pins(D) strings5. The word "precise" in line 7 could best be replaced by which ofthe following?(A) accurate(B) confirmed(C) processed(D) forthcoming6. According to the passage, all of the following are true of the five-string banjo EXCEPT:(A) It was used by Earl Scruggs.(B) It was famous in the production of bluegrass music.(C) It had an unfretted string.(D) It was a tenor banjo.7. Which of the following is most similar lớn the meaning of"comeback" in line 17?(A) performance(B) reappearance(C) gain(D) achievement8. The word "renewed" in line 18 could be best replaced by whichof the following?(A) rescued(B) remarkable(C) revived(D) renowned9. Which of the following means most nearly the same as the word"forefront" as used in line 20?(A) forcast(B) spotlight(C) footnote(D) record10. Which of the following best indicates the author"s attitudetoward the banjo?(A) It is a unique instrument.(B) It should be in a museum.(C) It should be used more.(D) It must be kept alive. Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 21 (Đọc gọi -TOEFL- Bài 21)Đọc đoạn văn uống sau cùng vấn đáp những câu hỏi:Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd president of the United States, wasfrom a wealthy, well-known family. As a child, he attended privateschool, had private tutors, & traveled with his parents khổng lồ Europe.He attended Harvard University, & afterward studied law. At age39 Roosevelt suddenly developed polio, a disease that left himwithout the full use of his legs for the rest of his life. Even throughthe worst of his illness, however, he continued his life in politics. In1924 he appeared at the Democratic National Convention tonominate Al Smith for president, & eight years after that hehimself was nominated for the same office. Roosevelt was electedlớn the presidency during the Great Depression of the 1930s, at atime when more than 5,000 banks had failed & thousands ofpeople were out of work. Roosevelt took action. First he declared abank holiday that closed all the banks so no more could fail; then hereopened the banks little by little with government tư vấn.Roosevelt believed in using the full power of government lớn helpwhat he called the "forgotten people." And it was these workers, thewage earners, who felt the strongest affection toward Roosevelt.There were others, however, who felt that Roosevelt"s policies weredestroying the American system of government, and they opposedhyên in the same intense way that others admired hyên.In 1940 the Democrats nominated Roosevelt for an unprecedentedthird term. No president in American history had ever served threeterms, but Roosevelt felt an obligation not khổng lồ quit while the UnitedStates" entry into World War II was looming in the future. Heaccepted the nomination & went on to lớn an easy victory.1. What does the passage mainly discuss?(A) political aspects of Roosevelt"s life(B) problems during the Great Depression(C) Roosevelt"s upbringing(D) criticisms of Roosevelt"s actions2. Which one of the following statements is NOT mentioned in thepassage?(A) Roosevelt was elected during the Great Depression.(B) Roosevelt voted for Al Smith.(C) Roosevelt had difficulty walking during his presidency.(D) Roosevelt supported strong government powers.3. The phrase "took action" in lines 13 is used khổng lồ illustrate the ideathat Roosevelt(A) performed admirably(B) exerted himself physically(C) responded immediately(D) got assistance4. As used in line 15, the phrase "little by little" means thatRoosevelt(A) opened the smaller banks first(B) opened the banks for minimal services(C) opened the banks a few at a time(D) opened the bank for a short time5. The word "full" in line 16 could best be replaced by which of thefollowing?(A) packed(B) loaded(C) overflowing(D) complete6. Where in the passage does the author discuss Roosevelt"sresponse lớn the Great Depression?(A) lines 1-6(B) lines 6-10(C) lines 10-16(D) lines 16-217. The word "affection" as used in line 18 could best be replaced bywhich of the following?(A) fascination(B) fondness(C) lure(D) appeal8. The word "unprecedented" in line 22 could best be replaced by(A) unimportant(B) unheard of(C) unjustified(D) unhampered9. It can be inferred from the passage that the people who likedRoosevelt best were(A) poor people(B) bankers(C) rich people(D) average workers10. In line 25, the author uses the word "looming" khổng lồ indicate afeeling of(A) reservation(B) determination(C) regret(D) threat Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 22 (Đọc gọi -TOEFL- Bài 22)Đọc đoạn văn sau với trả lời những câu hỏi:Our eyes and ears might be called transformers since they sense thelight và sound around us và turn them into lớn electrical impulsesthat the brain can interpret. These electrical impulses that have sầu beentransformed by the eye và ear reach the brain và are turned intomessages that we can interpret. For the eye, the process begins asthe eye admits light waves, bends them at the cornea và lens, andthen focuses them on the retimãng cầu. At the baông xã of each eye, nervefibers bundle together to khung optic nerves, which join and thensplit inlớn two optic tracts. Some of the fibers cross, so that part ofthe input đầu vào from the right visual field goes into the left side of thebrain, và vice versa. The process in the ear is carried out throughsensory cells that are carried in fluid-filled canals và that areextremely sensitive sầu to vibration. Sound that is transformed intoelectriđô thị travels along nerve sầu fibers in the auditory nerve. Thesefibers size a synopsis with neurons that carry the messages to theauditory cortex on each side of the brain.1. According to lớn the author, we might Call our eyes& ears"transformers" because(A) they sense light và sound(B) they create electrical impulses(C) the brain can interpret the input(D) the messages travel in the brain2. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word"admits" in line 6?(A) selects(B) interprets(C) lets in(D) focuses on3. In line 6, what does the word "them" refer to?(A) light waves(B) processes(C) eyes(D) messages4. The word "bundle" in line 8 could best be replaced by which ofthe following?(A) group(B) grow(C) branch(D) settle5. The word "split" as used in line 9 is closest in meaning to whichof the following?(A) tear(B) fracture(C) separate(D) crack6. Which of the following is closest in meaning to lớn the word "cross"as used in line 9?(A) intersect(B) cancel(C) assemble(D) match7. According to the passage, when input đầu vào from the right visual fieldgoes inkhổng lồ the left side of the brain, what happens?